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snowflake
24-12-2011, 08:37 AM
PHẦN THI ĐỌC IELTS:

Phần thi này có 3 đoạn văn và khoảng 40 câu hỏi. Bài thi kéo dài một giờ nên bạn không có đủ thời gian để mà lo lắng. Bạn cần chuẩn bị cho phần này bằng cách học để biết các dạng câu hỏi khác nhau và cả bằng cách phát triển các chiến thuật. Bạn cần cố gắng trả lời các câu hỏi khi đọc càng ít càng tốt.


Các bài khóa thường rất dài và nhiều chữ. Chúng thuộc nhiều chủ đề từ các vấn đề khoa học phức tạp cho đến các bài xã luận về tâm lý học và môi trường. Trong bài có thể có rất nhiều từ phức tạp mà bạn chưa biết.


Giống như các kỳ thi khác, bài thi này nhằm kiểm tra các kỹ năng mà bạn sẽ cần trong thế giới thực. Nếu bạn đi du học ở bậc đại học, bạn sẽ phải đến thư viện và nghiên cứu để tìm kiếm các tài liệu phù hợp với ngành học của mình. Phần thi đọc đánh giá khả năng chắt lọc thông tin cụ thể từ các bài khóa của bạn cũng như việc bạn hiểu được đại ý của chúng.


Bạn cần bắt đầu xây dựng vốn từ vựng của mình vì bạn sẽ cần vốn từ rất rộng trong bài thi này. Việc tích lũy các tập hợp từ và cách dùng chúng là rất quan trọng. Trong cả phần thi nghe và đọc, bạn đều cần tới khả năng tiên đoán các từ liên quan và xử lý các từ bạn chưa biết.


Đọc và làm theo hướng dẫn: kiểm tra số từ được phép dùng cho mỗi câu trả lời. Xác định loại thông tin bạn cần.
Nên nhớ một số điều cơ bản: chính tả rất quan trọng cũng như độ chính xác khi chép phần trả lời có trong bài sang tờ bài làm.
Đoán trước bạn sẽ đọc gì: xem các từ vựng của câu hỏi một cách cẩn thận. Thử nghĩ tới các từ đồng nghĩa khác, và cả các từ trái nghĩa..
Phát triển các chiến lược cho từng loại câu hỏi: việc thử đoán các câu trả lời và liên hệ các câu trả lời này với câu hỏi là rất quan trọng. Việc này không dễ và cần luyện tập nhiều để có thể tự tin khi làm điều này.

Câu hỏi trắc nghiệm:

Nghiên cứu kỹ các câu trả lời để tìm ra các đặc điểm chung và các điểm khác nhau. Dùng cách hiểu đơn giản để loại trừ một số câu trả lời. Gạch duới các từ khóa để tiết kiệm thời gian khi đọc kỹ đoạn văn.


Điền vào chỗ trống:

Đọc đoạn văn có chỗ trống cẩn thận và nghĩ tới các từ với ngữ nghĩa cũng như ngữ pháp thích hợp để điền vào các khoảng trống. Ghi lại ý tưởng của bạn để khi đọc bài khóa bạn sẽ khẳng định được mình đã điền đúng phần lớn các chỗ trống.


Tìm đầu đề thích hợp cho các đoạn văn:

Đọc các đầu đề trước. Sau đó đọc đoạn thứ nhất và chọn đầu đề bạn thấy phù hợp nhất. Bạn không cần phải đọc cả đoạn. Thường thì câu đầu tiên là “câu chủ đề” tóm tắt ý của cả đoạn. Thỉnh thoảng câu chủ đề không phải là câu thứ nhất nên bạn cần đọc tiếp. Khi bạn tìm được đầu đề cho một đoạn, nên xem lại các đầu đề còn lại trước khi đọc tiếp đoạn hai.


Câu hỏi Đúng/Sai/Không/Có trong bài:

Hãy cẩn thận với các câu có hai phần được nối với nhau bằng các từ “trừ phi” hoặc “bởi vì”. Thường thì mỗi phần riêng rẽ của câu có thể đúng hoặc sai nhưng cả câu thì nghĩa lại khác. Cẩn thận với các câu sử dụng các từ như “tất cả” hoặc “luôn luôn”: ý trong bài đọc thường không khẳng định chắc chắn đến thế.

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(Theo britishcouncil.org)
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xathutreonhanhdudu
12-01-2012, 02:45 PM
<!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables/> <w:SnapToGridInCell/> <w:WrapTextWithPunct/> <w:UseAsianBreakRules/> <w:DontGrowAutofit/> </w:Compatibility> <w:BrowserLevel>MicrosoftInternetExplorer4</w:BrowserLevel> </w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" LatentStyleCount="156"> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 10]> <style> /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} </style> <![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1026"/> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--> Các bạn thử làm bài thi phần reading theo link sau nhé:

http://www.examenglish.com/IELTS/cbIELTS_reading.htm

xathutreonhanhdudu
16-01-2012, 04:09 PM
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IELTS Academic Reading #1



LIGHT POLLUTION

Light Pollution is a threat to Wildlife, Safety and the Starry Sky
A. After hours of driving south in the pitch-black darkness of the Nevada desert, a dome of hazy gold suddenly appears on the horizon. Soon, a road sign confirms the obvious: Las Vegas 30 miles. Looking skyward, you notice that the Big Dipper is harder to find than it was an hour ago.
B. Light pollution—the artificial light that illuminates more than its intended target area—has become a problem of increasing concern across the country over the past 15 years. In the suburbs, where over-lit shopping mall parking lots are the norm, only 200 of the Milky Way’s 2,500 stars are visible on a clear night. Even fewer can be seen from large cities. In almost every town, big and small, street lights beam just as much light up and out as they do down, illuminating much more than just the street. Almost 50 percent of the light emanating from street lamps misses its intended target, and billboards, shopping centers, private homes and skyscrapers are similarly over-illuminated.
C. America has become so bright that in a satellite image of the United States at night, the outline of the country is visible from its lights alone. The major cities are all there, in bright clusters: New York, Boston, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, Seattle, Chicago—and, of course, Las Vegas. Mark Adams, superintendent of the McDonald Observatory in west Texas, says that the very fact that city lights are visible from on high is proof of their wastefulness. “When you’re up in an airplane, all that light you see on the ground from the city is wasted. It’s going up into the night sky. That’s why you can see it.”
D. But don’t we need all those lights to ensure our safety? The answer from light engineers, light pollution control advocates and astronomers is an emphatic “no.” Elizabeth Alvarez of the International Dark Sky Association (IDA), a nonprofit organization in Tucson, Arizona, says that overly bright security lights can actually force neighbors to close the shutters, which means that if any criminal activity does occur on the street, no one will see it. And the old assumption that bright lights deter crime appears to have been a false one: A new Department of Justice report concludes that there is no documented correlation between the level of lighting and the level of crime in an area. And contrary to popular belief, more crimes occur in broad daylight than at night.
E. For drivers, light can actually create a safety hazard. Glaring lights can temporarily blind drivers, increasing the likelihood of an accident. To help prevent such accidents, some cities and states prohibit the use of lights that impair nighttime vision. For instance, New Hampshire law forbids the use of “any light along a highway so positioned as to blind or dazzle the vision of travelers on the adjacent highway.”
F. Badly designed lighting can pose a threat to wildlife as well as people. Newly hatched turtles in Florida move toward beach lights instead of the more muted silver shimmer of the ocean. Migrating birds, confused by lights on skyscrapers, broadcast towers and lighthouses, are injured, sometimes fatally, after colliding with high, lighted structures. And light pollution harms air quality as well: Because most of the country’s power plants are still powered by fossil fuels, more light means more air pollution.
G. So what can be done? Tucson, Arizona is taking back the night. The city has one of the best lighting ordinances in the country, and, not coincidentally, the highest concentration of observatories in the world. Kitt Peak National Optical Astronomy Observatory has 24 telescopes aimed skyward around the city’s perimeter, and its cadre of astronomers needs a dark sky to work with.
H. For a while, that darkness was threatened. “We were totally losing the night sky,” Jim Singleton of Tucson’s Lighting Committee told Tulsa, Oklahoma’s KOTV last March. Now, after retrofitting inefficient mercury lighting with low-sodium lights that block light from “trespassing” into unwanted areas like bedroom windows, and by doing away with some unnecessary lights altogether, the city is softly glowing rather than brightly beaming. The same thing is happening in a handful of other states, including Texas, which just passed a light pollution bill last summer. “Astronomers can get what they need at the same time that citizens get what they need: safety, security and good visibility at night,” says McDonald Observatory’s Mark Adams, who provided testimony at the hearings for the bill.
I. And in the long run, everyone benefits from reduced energy costs. Wasted energy from inefficient lighting costs us between $1 and $2 billion a year, according to IDA. The city of San Diego, which installed new, high-efficiency street lights after passing a light pollution law in 1985, now saves about $3 million a year in energy costs.
J. Legislation isn’t the only answer to light pollution problems. Brian Greer, Central Ohio representative for the Ohio Light Pollution Advisory Council, says that education is just as important, if not more so. “There are some special situations where regulation is the only fix,” he says. “But the vast majority of bad lighting is simply the result of not knowing any better.” Simple actions like replacing old bulbs and fixtures with more efficient and better-designed ones can make a big difference in preserving the night sky.
*The Big Dipper: a group of seven bright stars visible in the Northern Hemisphere.

Question 1-5
The first six paragraphs of Reading Passage 1 (http://ielts-exam.net/docs/reading/IELTS_Reading_Academic_10_Passage_1.htm) are lettered A-F.
Choose the most suitable headings for paragraphs A-F from the list of headings below.
NB There are more headings than paragraphs, so you will not use them all.
List of Headings
i Why lights are needed
ii Lighting discourages law breakers
iii The environmental dangers
iv People at risk from bright lights
v Illuminating space
vi A problem lights do not solve
vii Seen from above
viii More light than is necessary
ix Approaching the city


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Example

Answer



Paragraph A

ix (Approaching the city)


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1 Paragraph B

....................



2 Paragraph C

....................



3 Paragraph D

....................



4 Paragraph E

....................



5 Paragraph F

....................


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Question 6-9
Complete each of the following statements with words taken from the passage.
Write ONE or TWO WORDS for each answer.

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6 According to a recent study, well-lit streets do not .................... or make neighbourhoods safer to live in.
7 Inefficient lighting increases .................... because most electricity is produced from coal, gas or oil.
8 Efficient lights .................... from going into areas where it is not needed.
9 In dealing with light pollution .................... is at least as important as passing new laws.






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Questions 10-13

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1 (http://ielts-exam.net/docs/reading/IELTS_Reading_Academic_10_Passage_1.htm)?

In boxes 8-13 on your answer sheet, write:
TRUE: if the statement agrees with the information.
FALSE: if the statement contradicts the information.
NOT GIVEN: if there is no information on this

10 One group of scientists find their observations are made more difficult by bright lights.
11 It is expensive to reduce light pollution.
12 Many countries are now making light pollution illegal.
13 Old types of light often cause more pollution than more modern ones




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xathutreonhanhdudu
17-01-2012, 04:35 PM
IELTS Academic Reading #2

TELEVISION ADDICTION

A. The term "TV addiction" is imprecise, but it captures the essence of a very real phenomenon. Psychologists formally define addiction as a disorder characterized by criteria that include spending a great deal of time using the thing; using it more often than one intends; thinking about reducing use or making repeated unsuccessful efforts to reduce use; giving up important activities to use it; and reporting withdrawal symptoms when one stops using it.

B. All these criteria can apply to people who watch a lot of television. That does not mean that watching television, in itself, is problematic. Television can teach and amuse; it can be highly artistic; it can provide much needed distraction and escape. The difficulty arises when people strongly sense that they ought not to watch as much as they do and yet find they are unable to reduce their viewing. Some knowledge of how television becomes so addictive may help heavy viewers gain better control over their lives.

C. The amount of time people spend watching television is astonishing. On average, individuals in the industrialized world devote three hours a day to the activity – fully half of their leisure time, and more than on any single activity except work and sleep. At this rate, someone who lives to 75 would spend nine years in front of the television. Possibly, this devotion means simply that people enjoy TV and make a conscious decision to watch it. But if that is the whole story, why do so many people worry about how much they view? In surveys in 1992 and 1999, two out of five adults and seven out of ten teenagers said they spent too much time watching TV. Other surveys have consistently shown that roughly ten per cent of adults call themselves TV addicts.

D. To study people’s reactions to TV, researchers have undertaken laboratory experiments in which they have monitored the brain waves, skin resistance or heart rate of people watching television. To study behavior and emotion in the normal course of life, as opposed to the artificial conditions of the laboratory, we have used the Experience Sampling Method (ESM). Participants carried a beeper*, and we signaled them six to eight times a day, at random, over the period of a week; whenever they heard the beep, they wrote down what they were doing and how they were feeling.

E. As one might expect, people who were watching TV when we beeped them reported feeling relaxed and passive. The EEG studies similarly show less mental stimulation, as measured by alpha brain-wave production, during viewing than during reading.

F. What is more surprising is that the sense of relaxation ends when the set is turned off, but the feelings of passivity and lowered alertness continue. Survey participants commonly reflect that television has somehow absorbed or sucked out their energy, leaving them depleted. They say they have more difficulty concentrating after viewing than before. In contrast, they rarely indicate such difficulty after reading. After playing sports or engaging in hobbies, people report improvements in mood. After watching TV, people's moods are about the same or worse than before.

G. Within moments of sitting or lying down and pushing the "power" button, viewers report feeling more relaxed. Because the relaxation occurs quickly, people are conditioned to associate viewing with rest and lack of tension. The association is positively reinforced because viewers remain relaxed throughout viewing.

H. Thus, the irony of TV: people watch a great deal longer than they plan to, even though prolonged viewing is less rewarding. In our ESM studies the longer people sat in front of the set, the less satisfaction they said they derived from it. When signaled, heavy viewers (those who consistently watch more than four hours a day) tended to report on their ESM sheets that they enjoy TV less than light viewers did (less than two hours a day). For some, a twinge of unease or guilt that they aren't doing something more productive may also accompany and depreciate the enjoyment of prolonged viewing. Researchers in Japan, the U.K. and the U.S. have found that this guilt occurs much more among middle-class viewers than among less affluent ones.

I. the orienting response is an instinctive reaction to any sudden or new, such as movement or possible attack by a predator. Typical orienting reactions include the following the arteries to the brain grow wider allowing more blood to reach it, the heart slows down and arteries to the large muscles become narrower so as to reduce blood supply to them. Brain waves are also interrupted for a few seconds. These changes allow the brain to focus its attention on gathering more information and becoming more alert while the rest of the body becomes quieter.

Questions 1-3

The list below gives some characteristics of addiction.
Which THREE of the following are mentioned as characteristics of addiction to television?


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A harmful physical effects



B loss of control over time



C destruction of relationships



D reduced intellectual performance



E discomfort when attempting to give up



F dishonesty about the extent of the addiction

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Questions 4-8

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2 (http://www.ielts-exam.net/docs/Reading/IELTS_Reading_Academic_10_Passage_2.htm)?

In boxes 8-13 on your answer sheet, write

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YES
if the statement agrees with the information.



NO
if the statement contradicts the information.



NOT GIVEN
if there is no information on this

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4 One purpose of the research is to help people to manage their lives better.
5 Watching television has reduced the amount of time people spend sleeping.
6 People's brains show less activity while watching television than when reading.
7 There is a relationship between the length of time spent watching TV and economic status.
8 Pleasure increases in proportion to the length of time spent watching TV.


Questions 9-13

Classify the following feelings or mental states as generally occurring:
A before watching television.
B while watching television.
C after watching television.
D both while and after watching television.

9 reduced anxiety and stress.
10 increased fatigue.
11 higher levels of concentration.
12 less mental activity.
13 worry about time wasted.



Questions 14-17

Complete the labels on the diagram.
Choose your answers from the box beside the diagram.

NB There are more words / phrase than spaces, so you will not use them all.

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A relaxed
E reduced


B accelerated
F stopped momentarily


C increased
G widened


D lengthened
H regulated

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xathutreonhanhdudu
19-01-2012, 11:43 AM
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IELTS Reading Passage 1 (http://www.ielts-exam.net/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=118)



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Read the passage and answer the questions. Use your predicting skills. Note the type of questions:


Zulu Beadwork

The South African province of KwaZulu-Natal, more commonly referred to as the Zulu Kingdom, is named after the Zulu people who have inhabited the area since the late 1400s. KwaZulu translates to mean "Place of Heaven." "Natal" was the name the Portuguese explorers gave this region when they arrived in 1497. At that time, only a few Zulu clans occupied the area. By the late 1700s, the AmaZulu clan, meaning "People of Heaven," constituted a significant nation. Today the Zulu clan represents the largest ethnic group in South Africa, with at least 11 million people in the kingdom. The Zulu people are known around the world for their elaborate glass beadwork, which they wear not only in their traditional costumes but as part of their everyday apparel. It is possible to learn much about the culture of the Zulu clan through their beadwork.


The glass bead trade in the province of KwaZulu-Natal is believed to be a fairly recent industry. In 1824, an Englishman named Henry Francis Fynn brought glass beads to the region to sell to the African people. Though the British are not considered the first to introduce glass beads, they were a main source through which the Zulu people could access the merchandise they needed. Glass beads had already been manufactured by the Egyptians centuries earlier around the same time when glass was discovered. Some research points to the idea that Egyptians tried to fool South Africans with glass by passing it off as jewels similar in value to gold or ivory. Phoenician mariners brought cargoes of these beads to Africa along with other wares. Before the Europeans arrived, many Arab traders brought glass beads down to the southern countries via camelback. During colonization', the Europeans facilitated and monopolized the glass bead market, and the Zulu nation became even more closely tied to this art form.


The Zulu people were not fooled into believing that glass beads were precious stones but, rather, used the beads to establish certain codes and rituals in their society. In the African tradition, kings were known to wear beaded regalia so heavy that they required the help of attendants to get out of their thrones. Zulu beadwork is involved in every realm of society, from religion and politics to family and marriage. Among the Zulu women, the craft of beadwork is used as an educational tool as well as a source of recreation and fashion. Personal adornment items include jewelry, skirts, neckbands, and aprons. Besides clothing and accessories, there are many other beaded objects in the Zulu culture, such as bead-covered gourds, which are carried around by women who are having fertility problems. Most importantly, however, Zulu beadwork is a source of communication. In the Zulu tradition, beads are a part of the language with certain words and symbols that can be easily read. A finished product is considered by many artists and collectors to be extremely poetic.


The code behind Zulu beadwork is relatively basic and extremely resistant to change. A simple triangle is the geometric shape used in almost all beaded items. A triangle with the apex pointing downward signifies an unmarried man, while one with the tip pointing upward is worn by an unmarried woman. Married women wear items with two triangles that form a diamond shape, and married men signify their marital status with two triangles that form an hourglass shape. Colors are also significant, though slightly more complicated since each color can have a negative and a positive meaning. Educated by their older sisters, young Zulu girls quickly learn how to send the appropriate messages to a courting male. Similarly, males learn how to interpret the messages and how to wear certain beads that express their interest in marriage.


The codes of the beads are so strong that cultural analysts fear that the beadwork tradition could prevent the Zulu people from progressing technologically and economically. Socioeconomic data shows that the more a culture resists change the more risk there is in a value system falling apart. Though traditional beadwork still holds a serious place in Zulu culture, the decorative art form is often modified for tourists, with popular items such as the beaded fertility doll.



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Matching

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Questions 1-3
Match each definition in List A with the term it defines in List B.

Write the correct letter A - E in boxes 1 - 3 on your answer sheet. There are more terms than definitions, so you will not use them all.

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List A
Definitions


1
It means Place of Heaven.


2
It is the Portuguese name for southern Africa.


3
It means People of Heaven.

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List B
Terms


A
Phoenician


B
Phoenician


C
AmaZulu


D
Explorer


E
KwaZulu

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</tbody>



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Short-Answer Questions

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Questions 4-6
Answer the questions below.

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Write your answers is boxes 4-6 on your answer sheet.
4 Which country does the Zulu clan reside in?

5 When did the Portuguese arrive in KwaZulu-Natal?

6 How many members of the Zulu Kingdom are there?

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True-False-Not Given Questions

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Questions 7-11
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the passage?

In boxes 7-11 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement is true according to the passage
FALSE if the statement contradicts the passage
NOT GIVEN if there is no information about this in the passage
7 The British were the first people to sell glass beads in Africa.

8 Henry Frances Flynn made a lot of money selling glass beads to the Zulu people.

9 The Zulu people believed that glass beads were precious stones.

10 The Zulu people use glass beads in many aspects of their daily lives.

11 Zulu women believe that bead-covered gourds can help them have babies.

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Labeling a Diagram

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Label the diagram below. Choose one or two words from the reading passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 12-15 on your answer sheet.

http://www.ielts-exam.net/images/reading/R1.gif



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<ins style="display:inline-table;border:none;height:60px;margin:0;padding:0;p osition:relative;visibility:visible;width:468px"><ins id="aswift_3_anchor" style="display:block;border:none;height:60px;margin:0;pad ding:0;position:relative;visibility:visible;width: 468px"></ins></ins>

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xathutreonhanhdudu
09-02-2012, 10:29 AM
Xin giới thiêu với các bạn một tấm gương đạt điểm cao trong kỳ thi IETLS – bạn Vũ Khánh Linh đạt 9.0 Reading


Hôm nay ENCI xin giới thiêu với các bạn thêm một tấm gương đạt điểm cao trong kỳ thi IETLS – bạn Vũ Khánh Linh. Bạn Linh sẽ chia sẻ với mọi người kinh nghiệm để đạt điểm cao trong kỳ thi này.
Đọc thế nào đạt 9.0 điểm?



BạnVũ Khánh Linh, sv năm cuối trường ĐH Ngoại thương, người đạt 9.0 điểm đọc trong kỳ thi IELTS chia sẻ: "Mình yêu thích học Tiếng Anh từ nhỏ nên luôn luôn đắm mình trong đó, lúc thì nghe nhạc, đọc sách báo, đặc biệt là mình mê truyện comic - truyện hài nên đọc suốt, vừa giải trí, vừa tăng vốn từ vựng và sự hiểu biết."



Trong quá trình ôn luyện:Nhớ câu mưa dầm thấm lâu không? Đó, mỗi ngày học một ít, chăm chú, từ từ bình tĩnh mà học. Đừng nóng vội nhé. Khi bắt gặp các từ mới, không vội tra từ điển và cũng không nên tra từ điển tất cả các từ mới mà bạn gặp phải. Tốt nhất, bạn hãy học cách đoán ý dựa vào văn cảnh.

Khi làm bài thi phần reading thì cách tốt nhất là đọc lần lượt, đọc câu nào chắc câu đó và nhớ ghi luôn vào answer sheet bởi nếu bạn viết vào booklet sau đó mới điền vào answer sheet thì sẽ không đủ thời gian cho bài thi. Để tránh lẫn lộn trong khi làm bài, bạn cũng nên hạn chế việc nhảy bài hay nhảy đoạn.


Trong các bài thi IELTS, số lượng từ mới rất nhiều, do vậy, quá chú trọng phần từ mới mà mà không quan tâm đến câu hỏi của bài là một sai lầm. Bên cạnh đó, bạn nên dựa vào chủ đề để đoán nghĩa các từ trong bài.


Nghe như nào thì điểm tối đa?

9.0 là con số trong mơ của những ai theo đuổi IELTS. Muốn thế, khi nghe, bạn cần phải biết đâu là bẫy để tránh. Thông thường, chúng ta chỉ tập trung vào những từ đọc chậm, đọc rõ ràng, trong khi đáp án lại không nằm ở đó mà nằm rải rác cả bài.
Một kinh nghiệm được rút ra từ một số cá nhân đạt điểm cao IELTS là ngay khi được giao bài thi, bạn nên xem section 4 trước, bởi section 4 là phần khó nhất mà cũng có ít thời gian nhất. Bên cạnh đó, bạn tuyệt đối không dừng lại ở một câu quá lâu bởi dừng lại quá lâu ở câu này có thể sẽ không nghe được câu sau. Thậm chí, bạn có khả năng bỏ qua cả một xâu chuỗi các câu hỏi nếu bạn dừng lại quá lâu.


Khi ôn luyện, mỗi người có một cách khác nhau. Nếu chịu khó nghe radio thường xuyên trên BBC và chỉ nên nghe tối đa ba lần bởi hiệu quả sẽ giảm dần khi bạn nghe đi nghe lại quá nhiều lần.


Như thế, các bài nghe IELTS cũng chỉ nên nghe ba lần, một lần để làm bài, lần thứ hai nghe lại để xác định các câu mình sai, sai như thế nào để lần sau rút kinh nghiệm. Lần cuối cùng, bạn vừa nghe vừa nhìn vào tape script để hiểu rõ hơn cách phát âm và diễn đạt ý, hiểu được mình sai chỗ nào, yếu chỗ nào và tìm cách cải thiện.


Viết 6 - 6,5 là đơn giản như... đan rổ

Nhưng kiếm được 7 hoặc từ 7 trở lên thì đòi hỏi bạn cần vốn từ vựng sung túc. Trong quá trình viết, bạn phải thể hiện theo một cấu trúc logic chặt chẽ giữa các đoạn, tránh rời rạc, thậm chí phi lý.


Quá trình ôn luyện để viết tốt đòi hỏi bạn phải chịu khó đọc sách để học cấu trúc và từ vựng. Làm giàu có vốn từ và ngữ pháp của mình thông qua một số cuốn sách luyện thi Writing như quyển Cambridge, Academic Writing hay Insight into IELTS.


Sắm cho mình cuốn từ điển Oxford Collocations để học cách kết hợp từ và giới từ đi kèm. Đây là một từ điển rất hữu dụng cho việc hoàn thiện Writing.
Khi học từ vựng hay các cụm từ mới để miêu tả sơ đồ, bảng biểu trong phần Writing, muốn đạt điểm cao, các bạn nên tránh những từ đơn giản như “increase”, “decrease”, “rise”, và “fall”. Tốt nhất bạn nên chỉ tập trung học những cụm từ có tính học thuật cao. Trước kì thi, bạn nên liệt kê ra những từ định sử dụng và sắp xếp theo mức độ từ có tính học thuật cao nhất trước và nhớ cách sử dụng thành thạo chúng trước.
Trong khi làm bàibạn nên đọc đề task 2 trước rồi sau đó bắt tay vào làm task 1. Trong khi đang viết task 1 mà nghĩ ra ý cho task 2 thì bạn nên đánh dấu ngay vào outline cho task 2. Trong quá trình viết essay, đếm số lượng từ cũng là một điều bạn nên lưu ý, tránh viết quá ngắn ( sẽ bị trừ điểm) và cũng không nên viết quá dài bởi càng dài càng nhiều lỗi.


Mỗi dòng sẽ viết khoảng 10 từ, vậy task bạn nên viết trong khoảng 16-20 dòng, task 2 khoảng 25-30 dòng. Trong trường hợp hết giờ mà bạn vẫn còn đang lúng túng chưa viết xong thân bài của task 2 thì cách tốt nhất là bỏ đấy và viết ngay kết luận. Một bài essay sẽ bị trừ điểm rất nặng nếu không có đủ mở bài, thân bài và kết luận.


Học ăn, học nói.... tiếp tục học nói

Về phần thi Speaking (Nói), các bạn nên thật bình tĩnh. Nếu cần thì luyện thêm một vài động tác hít thở sâu cũng được (^.^).
Trước khi bắt đầu bài nói của mình, bạn nên điều chỉnh lại giọng nói và cách phát âm sao cho không bị sai. Không nên để khoảng trống trong bài thi nói của mình, đồng thời kéo dài phần trả lời càng nhiều càng tốt, vì như thế bạn không phải trả lời quá nhiều câu hỏi của Ban giám khảo. Nhưng chú ý là không "chém" vô tội vạ nhé!
Để nói tốt thì không có cách nào khác là phải chăm chỉ tiếp xúc với người bản ngữ. Qua các kênh như xem phim, nghe nhạc, bạn cứ "ú ớ" hát theo chắc cũng chẳng phiền ai. Trong lúc làm việc hay chơi cùng thú cưng, bạn hãy cứ chia sẻ bằng... ngoại ngữ thứ hai, chắc chắn các em thú cũng không nỡ lòng nào bắt bạn phải nói thật chuẩn đâu nhỉ?


Coi tiếng Anh như một sở thích chứ không phải là điều gì đó bắt buộc bạn phải học thì bạn sẽ thành công!


Chúc các bạn luyện thi tốt!


Ngọc Trâm (sưu tầm và biên soạn)


Source: http://enci.edu.vn

xathutreonhanhdudu
07-03-2012, 04:24 PM
IELTS_Sample_of_General_Training_Reading_paper

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Read the text below and answer Questions 15-20.

Advice for Employees

Safe computer use

Most people suffer no ill-effects from using VDUs (Visual Display Units) as they don’t give out harmful levels of radiation and rarely cause any kind of skin complaint. If you do suffer ill-effects, it may be because of the way you’re using the computer and this can be avoided by well-designed workstations. When working at a VDU, make sure you keep a good posture and that your eyes are level with the screen.

Under health and safety regulations your employer should look at VDU workstations, and reduce any risks by supplying any equipment considered necessary (e.g. a wrist rest). They should also provide health and safety training. This also applies if you’re working at home as an employee and using a VDU for a long period of time. There is no legal limit to how long you should work at a VDU, but under health and safety regulations you have the right to breaks from work using a VDU. This doesn’t have to be a rest break, just a different type of work. Guidance from the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) suggests it’s better to take frequent short breaks but if your job means spending long periods at a VDU, for example as in the case of data input, then longer breaks from your workstation should be introduced.

If you’re disabled, your employer's duty to make reasonable adjustments for you may mean that they will provide you with special computer equipment. You can also get advice and maybe help with paying for equipment from the local job centre. Studies haven’t shown a link between VDU use and damage to eyesight, but if you feel that using a VDU screen is making your eyes tired, tell your employee safety representative. You have the right to a free eyesight test if you use a VDU a lot during work hours. If you’re prescribed glasses your company must pay for them, provided they’re required in your job.

If you have any health problems you think may be caused by your VDU, contact your line manager. He/she has a duty to consult you on health and safety issues that affect you, and should welcome early reporting of any issue.

Questions 15 – 20

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the text for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 15-20 on your answer sheet.

15 It is unusual to get a ………… as a result of using computers.

16 Employers may be required to provide you with items such as a ………… to use while at work.

17 If your job involves tasks such as ………… , the advice from the HSE may not apply.

18 Financial assistance in the case of special requirements may be available from the ………….

19 The company is obliged to cover the cost of ………… if you need them while working.

20 Any concerns about the effect of using a VDU on your general well-being should be reported to ………… .

Read the text below and answer Questions 21-27.

Careers with Kiwi Air

Flight Attendants – Recruitment and Training Process

Recruitment

The position of Flight Attendant is one of prestige and immense responsibility. Recruitment is conducted according to operational demands and there can be periods of up to 12 months where no new intake is required. However, applications are always welcomed.


After you submit your initial application online, the Kiwi Air HR Services Team review the details you have provided. Candidates whose details closely match the requirements of the position are then contacted via email advising that their application has progressed to the next stage of the recruitment process. Potential candidates are then asked to attend a Walk-In Day. This could occur several weeks or months after the original application has been submitted depending on current needs.

The Walk-In Day consists of a brief presentation about the role and a short interview. Candidates who are successful on the Walk-In Day are notified within 10 days and invited to attend an Assessment Centre. Please note that candidates are required to pass a swimming test before attending the Assessment Centre. At the Assessment Centre, candidates attend an interview as well as participating in a number of assessments. Verbal references are then requested, and candidates attend a medical check.

At times, there may not be a need to recruit for Flight Attendant positions. However, the company continuously maintains a ‘recruitment pool’ of those who have completed the Assessment Centre stage. These candidates are contacted when a need for Flight Attendants is established, and attend a full interview before a decision is made on whether to extend an offer of employment.


Due to the volume of applications received, Kiwi Air is not able to offer verbal feedback to candidates at any stage of the recruitment process. Unsuccessful candidates may reapply at any time after 12 months from the date at which their applications are declined.

Training

Upon being offered a role as a trainee Flight Attendant, a 5-week training course is undertaken at our Inflight Services Training Centre in Auckland. This covers emergency procedures, customer care and service delivery, and equipment knowledge. To successfully complete the course, high standards must be attained and maintained in all subjects.

Questions 21 – 27

Complete the flow-chart below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 21 -27 on your answer sheet.

Flight attendants of Kiwi Air – Recruitment and Training Process

Candidates go online to complete their 21 ………… .

Suitable candidates are then invited to come to a 22 ………… .

After having satisfactorily completed a 23 ………… , successful
candidates will then go to an Assessment Centre.

Kiwi Air then asks for 24 ………… and candidates are required to
undergo a medical check.

If there is no immediate need for flight attendants, successful candidates
are put into a 25 ………… .

When the need arises, these candidates will then be given
a 26 ………… , after which they may be offered a job.

On starting the job, a 5-week training programme is given which includes
how to look after passengers and what to do in an 27 ………… .

Key:

15 skin complaint

16 wrist rest

17 data input

18 (local) job centre

19 (your) glasses

20 your line manager

21 (initial) application(s)

22 Walk-In Day

23 swimming test

24 verbal references

25 recruitment pool

26 full interview

27 emergency

xathutreonhanhdudu
31-05-2012, 12:01 PM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mqZ8TmUU0so&feature=channel&list=UL