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wulfenite
28-02-2012, 04:54 PM
Bell-Mouth Spillways: How Giant Holes in the Water are Possible
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At first glance you might mistake a bell-mouth spillway for a watery vortex into another dimension. What can only be described as a giant hole in the water is actually a method for controlling the release of flows from a dam or levee into a downstream area. These spillways help prevent floods from ‘dam’-aging or destroying a dam.

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/vortex-in-the-water-monticello-dam.jpg

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/glory-hole-in-water-ladybower-dam.jpg
Photograph by The Cat’s Place (http://www.flickr.com/photos/derekjhenry/1139408574/)

SPILLWAYS- A spillway is a structure used to provide for the controlled release of flows from a dam or levee into a downstream area, typically being the river that was dammed
- Spillways release floods so that the water does not overtop and damage or even destroy the dam. Except during flood periods, water does not normally flow over a spillway
- In contrast, an intake is a structure used to release water on a regular basis for water supply, hydroelectricity generation, etc.
- Floodgates and fuse plugs may be designed into spillways to regulate water flow and dam height
- Other uses of the term “spillway” include bypasses of dams or outlets of a channels used during highwater, and outlet channels carved through natural dams such as moraines
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spillway)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/giant-dam-spillway-ladybower-resevoir.jpg
Photograph by Jon Bradbury (http://www.flickr.com/photos/jonbradbury/2226403749/)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/bell-mouth-spillway1.jpg
Photograph by Traqopodaros (http://www.flickr.com/photos/99527475@N00/353840972)

BELL-MOUTH SPILLWAYS- Some spillways are designed like an inverted bell so that water can enter all around the perimeter. These uncontrolled spillway devices are also called: morning glory, plughole, glory hole, or bell-mouth spillways
- In areas where the surface of the reservoir may freeze, bell-mouth spillways are normally fitted with ice-breaking arrangements to prevent the spillway from becoming ice-bound
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spillway)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/glory-hole-spillway.jpg
Photograph by David Wilby (http://www.flickr.com/photos/david_wilby/2907379437/)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/hole-in-the-water-ladybower.jpg
Photograph by Buster Bakewell (http://www.flickr.com/photos/busterbakewell/2971324473/)

LADYBOWER RESEVOIR- The images above are from the spillways located at the Ladybower Resevoir
- The Ladybower Reservoir is a large Y-shaped reservoir, the lowest of three in the Upper Derwent Valley in Derbyshire, England
- The River Ashop flows into the reservoir from the west; the River Derwent flows south, initially through Howden Reservoir, then Derwent Reservoir, and finally through Ladybower Reservoir
- Its longest dimension is just over 3 miles (5km), and at the time of construction it was the largest reservoir in Britain (1943)
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ladybower_Reservoir)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/giant-plughole-monticello-dam.jpg
Photograph by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (http://www.usbr.gov/mp/berryessa/study_pix/general/index.html)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/monticello-dam-aerial.jpg
Photograph by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (http://www.usbr.gov/mp/berryessa/study_pix/general/index.html)

MONTICELLO DAM- The Monticello Dam is a dam in Napa County, California, United States constructed between 1953 and 1957
- It is a medium concrete-arch dam with a structural height of 304 ft (93 m) and a crest length of 1,023 ft (312 m)
- It contains 326,000 cubic yards (249,000 m³) of concrete. The dam impounded Putah Creek to cover the former town of Monticello and flood Berryessa Valley to create Lake Berryessa, the second-largest lake in California
- The capacity of the reservoir is 1,602,000 acre•ft (1,976,000 dam³). Water from the reservoir is supplied mostly to the North Bay area of San Francisco
- The dam is noted for its classic, uncontrolled spillway with a rate of 48,400 cubic feet per second (1370 m³/s) and a diameter at the lip of 72 ft (22 m).
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monticello_Dam)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/massive-hole-in-the-water.jpg
Photograph by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (http://www.usbr.gov/mp/berryessa/study_pix/general/index.html)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/monticello-damn-giant-spillway.jpg
Photograph by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (http://www.usbr.gov/mp/berryessa/study_pix/general/index.html)

SOURCES- Wikipedia: Spillways (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spillway)
- Wikipedia: Ladybower Resevoir (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ladybower_Reservoir)
- Wikipedia: Monticello Dam (http://http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monticello_Dam)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/large-hole-in-the-water.jpg
Photograph by Keartona (http://www.flickr.com/photos/27955898@N07/4383068188/)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/bell-mouth-spillway.jpg
Photograph by Ian Stuart Armstrong (http://www.flickr.com/photos/ianstuartarmstrong/3721365699/)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/large-bell-mouth-spillway-monticello-dam.jpg
Photograph by Spider Bob (http://www.panoramio.com/user/1959895?with_photo_id=11780251)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/plug-hole-giant-drain-in-water.jpg
Photograph by Carl McCabe (http://daviswiki.org/Users/CarlWMcCabe?action=show&redirect=Users/CarlMcCabe)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/ladybower-plughole.jpg
Photograph by ChezyNickAnnie (http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickanne/1324683056/)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/water-outlet-ladybower-resevoir.jpg
Photograph by Wedesoft (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ladybower_Reservoir_Outlet.jpg)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/big-hole-in-the-water.jpg
Photograph by Martin Roberts (http://www.flickr.com/photos/martinroberts32/3258725756/)

http://twistedsifter.sifter.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/morning-glory-hole-in-the-water.jpg
Photograph by Preseverando (http://www.flickr.com/photos/8682461@N04/2195606406/in/set-72157623813471443)