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xathutreonhanhdudu
15-02-2012, 04:34 PM
Bài 69. “Too” và “enough”




1. Hãy xem ví dụ sau:

The bag is too heavy. He can't carry it.
(Túi xách quá nặng. Anh ấy không thể mang nổi.)

Chúng ta sử dụng “too” có nghĩa “nhiều hơn là tốt hoặc thích hợp
trong tình huống này”.


2. Chúng ta có thể sử dụng “too” như sau:

* “too + tính từ”:

I want to go out for a drink. I'm too thirsty.
(Tôi muốn ra ngoài uống nước. Tôi khát nước quá.)

* “too many + danh từ số nhiều”:

I couldn't find her at the cocktail party because there were too many
people there.
(Tôi không thể tìm cô ấy tại buổi tiệc cốc-tai vì có quá nhiều người ở đó.)

* “too much + danh từ không đếm được”:

(ví dụ: too much homework/money/food/noise/sugar/

information/time/bread)

The tutor gave me too much homework.
(Người hướng dẫn cho tôi quá nhiều bài tập ở nhà.)


3. Chúng ta có thể sử dụng “too” với “to + động từ nguyên mẫu” để giải thích tại sao ai đó không thể làm điều gì:

She's too young to drive. (Cô ấy còn quá nhỏ nên không thể lái xe được.)

4. Bây giờ hãy xem ví dụ sau:

This suitcase is big enough. I can put all my clothes into it. The
small suitcase isn't big enough.

(Chiếc va-li này có kích cỡ đủ lớn. Tôi có thể cho tất cả quần áo của tôi vào trong đó. Chiếc va-li nhỏ này thì không đủ lớn.)

Chúng ta sử dụng “enough” với nghĩa “nhiều như mức chúng ta

cần”. Chúng ta sử dụng “not…..enough” có nghĩa là “ít hơn mức

chúng ta cần”.


5. Chúng ta có thể sử dụng “enough” như sau:

* “tính từ + enough”:

Is your overcoat warm enough?
(Áo choàng của bạn có đủ ấm không?)

* “enough + danh từ số nhiều”:

I've got enough tomatoes, thanks.
(Tôi có đủ cà chua, cảm ơn.)

* “enough + danh từ không đếm được”:

I can't go with you now. I haven't got enough time.
(Tôi không thể đi với bạn bây giờ. Tôi không có đủ thời gian.)



6. Chúng ta cũng có thể dùng “not... enough + to + động từ nguyên mẫu” để nói tại sao ai không thể làm điều gì đó:

She isn't old enough to drive. (Cô ấy chưa đủ tuổi để lái xe.)


(= Cô ấy không thể lái xe bởi vì cô ấy chưa đủ tuổi.)

xathutreonhanhdudu
16-02-2012, 09:44 AM
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Bài tập: “Too” và “enough”



A. Hoàn thành câu sử dụng “too” hay “enough” và từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ).

---> I can't dink this cup of coffee because it's too hot (hot).

---> We couldn't buy these Christmas cards because we didn't have enough

money. (money).

---> We didn't buy the suitcase because it wasn't big enough. (big).

1. He couldn't see her because it was _______ (dark).

2. I can't decide what to do because I haven't got________ (information).

3. You can't change the case now. It's ________ (late).

4. Have you had ________(potatoes), or would you like some more?

5. I did badly in the exam because I was ________ (tired).

6. Slow down! You're driving _______ (fast).

7. He shouldn't play in the team because he isn't ________(good).

8. I haven't got ________ (food). I must go to the supermarket to buy

some more.

9. Rita didn't go to work because she didn't feel ________ (well).

10. I couldn't lift the bag because I wasn't________ (strong).

11. We didn't go swimming because the water was ________ (cold).

12. Mike couldn't post all the letters because he didn't have _______

(stamps).


B. Hoàn thành những câu sau sử dụng “too much”, “too many” hoặc
“enough” và từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ).

---> I am tired now because they're giving me too much homework.

(homework).

---> Is your cup of coffee sweet enough (sweet)?

1. Shall we have another coffee? Have we got________ (money)?

2. I couldn't finish the exam because there were _______ (questions).

3. We didn't go for a walk because it wasn’t_______ (warm).

4. I couldn't eat this soup because there was ________ (salt) in it.

5. Michael passed the test because he answered ________ (questions)

correctly.

6. I didn't enjoy the party because there were ________ (people) there.

8. Is that chair_______ (comfortable) or would you like to sit here?

9. Rita couldn't work because the others were making________(noise).

10. We can't play that match because we haven't got________ (football-

players).

11. Shall I make some cakes? Have we got ________ (bread)?

12. Her work isn't very good. She makes________ (mistakes).


C. Hãy nối mỗi cặp câu sau bằng cách sử dụng “too” hoặc “enough” với
“to + động từ nguyên mẫu” (ví dụ: to do, to write)

Helene couldn't sleep. She was too worried.

---> Helene was too worried to sleep.

I can't go out for a drink. I haven't got enough time.

---> I haven’t got enough time to go out for a drink.

1. I can't do any more work. I'm too tired.
_______________________________________

2. Jack won't pass the exam. He isn't good enough.

______________________________________

3. Jimmy can't play basketball. He's too short.
________________________________________

4. His roommate couldn't go to the party. She was too ill.
_________________________________________

5. Peter couldn't pay the bill. He didn't have enough money.
_________________________________________

6. Shall we go to the beach? Is it hot enough?
__________________________________________

7. I can't see you tonight. I'm too busy.
________________________________________

8. I don't want to go home. It's too early.
_________________________________________

9. Thomas couldn't repair the bike. He didn't have enough tools.
__________________________________________

10. I didn't visit all the libraries. I didn't have enough time.
________________________________________________