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Chủ đề: Urinary Tract Infection

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    Re: Urinary Tract Infection

    Medications

    Oral antibiotics can treat most bladder infections and uncomplicated kidney infections successfully. In many cases, if the symptoms and urinalysis suggest a urinary tract infection (UTI), you will start taking antibiotics without waiting for the results of a urine culture.
    The number of days your doctor will have you take antibiotics depends on your infection and the type of antibiotic medicine.
    Antibiotics for recurrent infections

    Doctors sometimes advise that women with repeat infections use preventive antibiotic therapy. This may include taking a small dose of antibiotics daily or on alternate days, taking antibiotics after sexual intercourse (since sex often triggers UTIs in women with recurrent infections), or taking antibiotics only when you develop symptoms. Talk with your doctor about which treatment strategy is right for you.
    Medication choices

    Medicines used to treat UTIs include:
    Medicines used to prevent recurrent UTIs include:
    Be sure to tell your doctor if you are or think you may be pregnant. Some of these medicines are not safe to use if you are pregnant.
    What to think about

    These medicines are often prescribed in a less costly generic form rather than under a brand name. A pharmacist might also decide to give you a generic instead of a brand name medicine unless the prescription says "no generic."
    Take all of the antibiotics your doctor has prescribed. Most people begin to feel better soon after they begin the medicine. But if you stop taking the medicine as soon as you feel better, the infection may return. And not taking the full course of antibiotics encourages the development of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics. This not only makes antibiotics less effective but also makes bacterial infections harder to treat.
    Many forms of bacteria have become resistant to common antibiotics designed to destroy them. These are called antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibiotic resistance among bacteria that cause UTIs has increased steadily in recent decades. You and your doctor may have to try different antibiotics, and different combinations of antibiotics, to find the right medicine that will kill the bacteria that is causing your UTI. Before starting you on a new antibiotic, your doctor may get a urine sample from you. Results from tests on this sample will help guide the decision on which antibiotic you take next.

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    Other Places To Get Help

    Organizations

    KidsHealth for Parents, Children, and Teens
    10140 Centurion Parkway North
    Jacksonville, FL 32256
    Phone: (904) 697-4100
    Fax: (904) 697-4125
    Web Address: www.kidshealth.org
    This Web site is sponsored by the Nemours Foundation. It has a wide range of information about children's health, from allergies and diseases to normal growth and development (birth to adolescence). This Web site offers separate areas for kids, teens, and parents, each providing age-appropriate information that the child or parent can understand. You can sign up to get weekly e-mails about your area of interest.
    National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
    Building 31, Room 9A06
    31 Center Drive, MSC 2560
    Bethesda, MD 20892-2560
    Phone: (301) 496-3583
    Web Address: www.niddk.nih.gov
    The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) is part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health. It conducts and supports research on many of the most serious diseases affecting public health, particularly the diseases of internal medicine. NIDDK sponsors the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC). It has information about diseases of the kidneys and urologic system for people with these diseases and their families, health professionals, and the public.
    National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
    3 Information Way
    Bethesda, MD 20892-3580
    Phone: 1-800-891-5390
    Fax: (703) 738-4929
    TDD: 1-866-569-1162 toll-free
    Email: nkudic@info.niddk.nih.gov
    Web Address: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov
    The National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC), a federal agency, is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The clearinghouse provides information about diseases of the kidneys and urologic system to people with kidney and urologic disorders and to their families, to health professionals, and to the public. NKUDIC answers inquiries; develops, reviews, and distributes publications; and works closely with professional and patient organizations and government agencies to coordinate resources about kidney and urologic diseases.
    National Kidney Foundation
    30 East 33rd Street
    New York, NY 10016
    Phone: 1-800-622-9010
    Phone: (212) 889-2210
    Fax: (212) 689-9261
    Web Address: www.kidney.org
    The National Kidney Foundation works to prevent kidney and urinary tract diseases and help people affected by these conditions. Its website has a lot of information about adult and child conditions. The site has interactive tools, donor information, recipes for kidney disease patients, and message boards for many kidney topics. Free materials, such as brochures and newsletters, are available.
    UrologyHealth.org, American Urological Association
    1000 Corporate Boulevard
    Linthicum, MD 21090
    Phone: 1-866-RING AUA (1-866-746-4282) toll-free
    Phone: (410) 689-3700
    Fax: (410) 689-3800
    Email: auafoundation@auafoundation.org
    Email: patienteducation@auafoundation.org
    Web Address: www.urologyhealth.org
    UrologyHealth.org is a website written by urologists for patients. Visitors can find specific topics by using the "search" option.
    The website provides information about adult and pediatric urologic topics, including kidney, bladder, and prostate conditions. You can find a urologist, sign up for a free quarterly newsletter, or click on the Urology Resource Center to find materials about urologic problems.

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    Re: Urinary Tract Infection

    Related Information


    References

    Citations

    1. Gupta K, Stamm WE (2008). Urinary tract infections. In DC Dale, DD Federman, eds., ACP Medicine, section 7, chap. 23. Hamilton, ON: BC Decker.
    Other Works Consulted

    • Lee BSB, et al. (2007). Methenamine hippurate for preventing urinary tract infections. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4).
    • Neumann I, et al. (2008). Pyelonephritis (acute) in non-pregnant women, search date February 2007. Online version of BMJ Clinical Evidence: http://www.clinicalevidence.com.
    • Perrotta C, et al. (2008). Oestrogens for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in postmenopausal women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2).

    Credits


    By Healthwise Staff
    Primary Medical Reviewer E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
    Specialist Medical Reviewer Avery L. Seifert, MD - Urology
    Last Revised May 16, 2011

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