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Chủ đề: 17.5 Listing connectors

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  1. #1
    Dạn dày sương gió xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu's Avatar
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    17.5 Listing connectors

    Listing connectors

    Từ nối chỉ sự liệt kê



    1. Chúng ta có thể sử dụng “first” (hoặc “firstly”), “second” (hoặc “secondly”) … ở đầu câu để mô tả thứ tự những thứ trong danh sách hoặc chuỗi liệt kê. Chúng ta đôi khi sử dụng “then” hoặc “next” thay vì “second(ly)”, “third(ly)”…

    Example:

    We really have to clean the house. First, we have to take out the rubbish.

    Then/Second, we'll have to wash all the dishes piled up in the kitchen sink.

    Thirdly/Next we really need to scrub the floor because it's so dirty.

    2. Chúng ta có thể sử dụng “for a start” thay vì “first(ly)” ở đầu câu để cho biết chúng ta đang bắt đầu đưa ra một chuỗi các lý do để hỗ trợ hoặc giải thích cho lời tuyên bố trước đó. Chúng ta có thể dùng “finally” ở đầu câu để cho thấy rằng chúng ta đang kết thúc danh sách liệt kê.

    Example:

    I hated working there. For a start, everyone else was much older than me.

    Các từ nối tương tự khác bao gồm: first of all, in the first place, to begin with, to start with.

    Finally, I must thank my parents for their years of patience and support.

    3. Chúng ta có thể dùng cụm từ như “to sum up” khi tóm tắt những ý kiến đã đưa ra.

    To sum up, they liked our ideas, but they want to know more about the costs involved.

    Các từ nối tương tự khác bao gồm: in brief, in conclusion, in short, in summary, to conclude, to summarize.
    Lần sửa cuối bởi xathutreonhanhdudu, ngày 03-08-2012 lúc 05:06 PM.

  2. #2
    Dạn dày sương gió xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu's Avatar
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    Re: 8.5 Listing connectors

    A. Add these connectors to the following recipe.

    Finally; first; second; then (x2).


    To make hot-baked chips for two, you'll need four large potatoes, the white of one egg, a quarter teaspoon of cayenne pepper and a pinch of salt. Slice each potato lengthwise, cut each slice lengthwise into long sticks. Mix the egg white, cayenne and salt in a bowl. Stir the potato sticks round in the

    mixture. Spread the coated potato sticks on a greased baking sheet and bake them in the oven at 170° for 35 minutes.


    B. Write one of these connectors, or no connector, where appropriate, at the beginning of each of these sentences.


    as a result /for a start/ in short/ secondly/ so/ then.


    Example 1:


    _____---____ Animal communication is different from human communication in two ways.


    Example 2:


    For a start, Animal signals are always restricted to what is happening here and now.


    1. _________ When your dog comes to you and says, “Woof!”, it always means, “I'm woofing now.” It doesn't mean, “I woofed last night.”


    2. _________ However, humans can easily talk about last night and things that happened years ago.


    3. _________ They can go on to talk about what they'll be doing tomorrow or next year.


    4. _________ Humans are also capable of talking about what doesn't even exist.


    5. _________ They can refer to things like heaven and hell without ever having seen them.


    6. _________ Animal communication consists of a fixed number of signals and each signal is used for one particular thing or occasion.


    7. _________ Human communication, on the other hand, is very creative and humans are able to invent new words, as illustrated by “woofing” in the last paragraph.


    8. _________ Human communication has special properties not found in animal communication.

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