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Chủ đề: 13.4 Adjectives with noun clauses

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    Xoải cánh antm will become famous soon enough antm's Avatar
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    May 2012
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    13.4 Adjectives with noun clauses

    Adjectives with noun clauses

    Chúng ta có thể sử dụng mệnh đề "that" và mệnh đề wh- sau tính từ. Sau một số tính từ, như sorryhappy, chúng ta thêm giới từ trước mệnh đề wh-, nhưng trước mệnh đề "that" thì không.
    • Mark was surprised that you asked about him.
    • It isn't surprising that the weather was bad.
    • We weren't certain when he would arrive.
    • Isn't it amazing how much teenagers can eat?
    • I'm sorry about what I said.
    • I'm sorry that I was late, (NOT I'm sorry about that I was late.)
    • We're happy with how it looks.
    • We're happy that it looks OK. (NOT We're happy how it looks.)
    Chúng ta có thể sử dụng chủ từ giả "it" + liên động từ (be, seem) + tính từ + mệnh đề danh ngữ. Trong những tình huống trang trọng, mệnh đề danh ngữ đôi khi được dùng làm chủ từ.
    • It's disgraceful that children can't spell their own names!
    • It seems odd that he didn't call.
    • That children can't spell their own names is disgraceful!
    • That he didn't call seems odd.
    Trong những tình huống thân mật, chúng ta thường sử dụng mệnh đề danh ngữ không có “that” sau tính từ.
    • I'm sure (that) it's a mistake.
    • We're glad (that) you're here.
    • He's lucky (that) he wasn't hurt.
    Chúng ta có thể dùng tính từ chỉ cảm xúc cá nhân (afraid, worried, amazed, angry, disappointed, happy, proud, sad) trước mệnh đề danh ngữ.
    • We were afraid (that) you wouldn't come.
    • Aren't you worried (that) Tess might get injured?
    Chúng ta cũng có thể sử dụng tính từ diễn tả mức độ chắc chắn (positive, sure, certain, confident, convinced, doubtful, unsure) trước mệnh đề danh ngữ.
    • He was positive (that) he had chosen the right answer.
    • I'm not sure if I heard him correctly.

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    Xoải cánh antm will become famous soon enough antm's Avatar
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    Re: 13.4 Adjectives with noun clauses

    A. Rewrite these pairs of sentences as a single sentence containing a noun clause.
    1. He made such a mess. I was angry about it.
    ~ I was angry (that) he made such a mess.
    1. Our old car might break down. We were afraid of that.
    ~ We
    1. Karen suddenly decided to quit her job. I was completely surprised by that.
    ~ I
    1. The test would be easy. Sean was absolutely sure of it.
    ~ Sean

    B. Choose an adjective or an adjective with a preposition for each space. Add that, how, what or when where necessary.

    aware of embarrassed by glad
    amazed surprising unlikely

    Our teacher always encouraged us to try to guess what new words and phrases meant because it was (1) __________ we would always be able to use our dictionaries. It was good advice, but I was very (2) __________ wrong my guesses could be sometimes. For example, I had guessed that the phrase 'kick the bucket' must mean that you are very happy and you show that you are happy by kicking a bucket. You just give it a good kick. That made sense to me. So, it was rather (3) __________ I discovered that it meant the same as 'die'. I was really (4) __________. I hadn't tried to use the phrase. I would be so (5) __________ people would think if they had told me that they had good news and I had said, 'Great! Now you'll kick the bucket!' They would be totally (6) __________ I had said such an inappropriate thing.

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