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Chủ đề: 40. Can/could I? May I? Can/could you?

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    Re: Modal verbs

    Bài 40. CAN/ COULD I? MAY I? CAN/COULD YOU?



    1.- Chúng ta tạo thành câu hỏi với “can”, “may" và “could" như sau:

    Câu hỏi:

    Can
    May --------> I/He/She/It/We (etc.) open the door?
    Could



    2.- Chúng ta dùng "can", “may" và "could" để yêu cầu một thứ gì đó:

    Can etc. + I/we + have ...?
    Can I have a cup of tea?

    Could we have three tickets, please?
    Can I have some salt?



    3.- Chúng ta dùng "can", "may" hoặc "could" để xin phép làm một việc gì đó. “Could I” và “May I” được dùng trang trọng và lịch sự hơn "Can I":

    Can/May/ Could + I/We + INFINITIVE...?

    Could we look up it in the dictionary, please?
    Can I borrow your book, please?

    Chúng ta sử dụng "can" hoặc "may" để diễn đạt sự cho phép làm một việc gì đó:

    You can leave your luggage here. (Or... may leave...)

    Nếu chúng ta nói về những gì mọi người được phép làm nói chung, chớ không phải chỉ dành cho một người cụ thể nào, chúng ta dùng "can":

    People can drive on the roads when they are seventeen.

    Nhưng đối với các thông báo chính thức, chúng ta thường sử dụng "may":

    SLIPPERS MAY BE LEFT HERE.



    4.- Chúng ta dùng “Can you", “Could you” và “Would you” (nhưng không dùng "May you") khi chúng ta yêu cầu ai làm điều gì đó. “Could" và "would" được dùng trang trọng và lịch sự hơn “can”.

    Can/ Could/ Would + you + INFINITIVE ...?
    Could you help me with my bags?

    Ví dụ:

    Could you buy me a magazine?

    A: It’s hot today. Can you open the windows?
    B: Yes, of course.
    Lần sửa cuối bởi xathutreonhanhdudu, ngày 17-03-2012 lúc 12:52 PM.

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    Dạn dày sương gió xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu's Avatar
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    Re: Modal verbs



    CAN/COULD I? MAY I? CAN/COULD YOU?

    BÀI TẬP:

    A. Sắp xếp những từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ) theo đúng thứ tự để tạo thành câu hỏi.

    (have - a return ticket to London- could - please - I - ?)
    Could I have a return ticket to London, please?

    1. (please - I - may - a glass of lemonade - have - ?
    __________________________________________

    2. (we - listen to your new song - can - ?)
    _________________________________________

    3. (your computer - please - use - I - can - ?)
    ________________________________________

    4. (may - borrow - your laptop tomorrow night - I - ?)
    _________________________________________

    5. (please - the salt - pass - you - could - ?)
    ________________________________________

    6. (can - this letter for me - you - post - ?)
    _________________________________________

    B. Hãy xin phép làm một điều gì đó bằng cách sử dụng những từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ) và trong hộp.

    use your photocopier; use your computer; open the window; borrow your pen; turn off the TV


    SITUATION: You want to surf the internet.
    (may I) May I use your computer?

    1/ SITUATION: You want to write down a telephone number.
    (can I) ______________________________________

    2/ SITUATION: You want to take a rest.
    (can I ... please)_____________________________

    3/ SITUATION: You're feeling hot.
    (may I) ______________________________________

    4/ SITUATION: You need a photocopy of a letter.
    (may I ... please) ________________________________


    C. Hãy yêu cầu người khác làm những việc sau. Sử dụng những từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ) và cụm từ trong hộp.

    buy me a daily newspaper; tell me the time; make me a sweet cake; tell me the way to Big Ben; carry one of these cases


    PROBLEM: You're sick. You're in bed. You're bored.
    (can you ... please) Can you buy me a daily newspaper, please?

    1/ PROBLEM: Your suitcases are very big and heavy.
    (could you) _______________________________

    2/ PROBLEM: You're lost in London.
    (could you ... please) _______________________

    3/ PROBLEM: You've forgotten to put your watch on.
    (can you) __________________________________

    4/ PROBLEM: You're hungry. You're very tired.
    (can you ... please) ___________________________


    D. Chọn từ đúng từ những từ cho sẵn trong ngoặc đơn ( ), và điền nó vào khoảng trống.

    Could (May/Could) you give me one of these chairs, please?

    1/ In the street:
    Excuse me, officer, (could/may) you tell me the way to get to the bank?

    2/ At a railway station:
    A: Let's have our pizzas here.
    B: ______(Couldn't/Can't) you read? Look at the notice; it says:
    “FOOD_______ (MAY/COULD) NOT BE EATEN IN THIS WAITING ROOM.”

    3/ A: _______ (Could/May) you phone John about tomorrow's cocktail party?
    B: I_______(may not/can't/couldn't) phone him because he has lost his mobile.

    4/ A: ________ (May/Could) someone help me?
    B: What_______(may/can) I do to help you?
    A: We need to wash these dishes and to clean this table. Can you help?
    B: I’m afraid I_______(may not/can’t) wash the dishes because of my bad arm.
    Lần sửa cuối bởi xathutreonhanhdudu, ngày 28-03-2012 lúc 01:51 PM.

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    Re: 40. Can/could I? May I? Can/could you?

    Using MODALS:
    To show respect and politeness, most people use modal expressions when making requests.
    For example:
    Will you...?
    Would you...?
    Would you please...?
    Could you (please)...?
    Could you possibly...?
    Would you kindly...?
    Would you mind...?
    Would you be so kind as to...?
    Will you open the door for me?
    Would you open the door for me?
    Would you please open the door for me?
    Could you (please) open the door?
    Could you possibly open the door?
    Would you kindly open the door?
    Would you mind opening the door?
    Would you be so kind as to open the door?


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    Re: Modal verbs

    BASIC ENGLISH MODALS
    MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS are used to moderate the main verb, enhancing or restricting the verb to a certain context.
    The most common MODAL AUXILIARIESin English are:
    can
    could
    may
    should
    might
    will
    must
    would
    NOTICE how MODALS are used in the following sentences:
    I pay my taxes. General declaration of fact. Paying taxes is something I normally do.
    I can pay my taxes. Expresses ability. I have the means (funds) to pay.
    I might pay my taxes. Expresses possibility, but not certainty. Maybe I will pay; maybe I won't.
    I will pay my taxes. Expresses future intent. I resolve to do it at some later time.
    I should pay my taxes. Expresses mild obligation. It is required, and I expect to comply.
    I could pay my taxes. Expresses possibility. If I have nothing else to do with the money, I might pay taxes.
    I would pay my taxes. (In this case), expresses reservation. If I had the money (but I don't). . .
    I must pay my taxes. Expresses strong obligation. I am required and have to comply.

    MODALS are followed by only the base form of the verb and are not used alone unless there is a clear connection to the main verb.
    He must to finish his homework. WRONG
    He must finish his homework. CORRECT
    Jack could heard the bell. WRONG
    Jack could hear the bell. CORRECT
    Penny will going to the movie. WRONG
    Penny will go to the movie. CORRECT

    The English language has many ways of making requests. The most common involves using the IMPERATIVE and MODALS. See the examples below:
    Using the IMPERATIVE:
    The IMPERATIVE is the most simple form of the verb.When used, the subject of an IMPERATIVE SENTENCE is understood to be "you", although it is not usually spoken.



    Open the door.
    Will you help me?
    Yes, I will.
    Pick up your toys.
    Please help me.
    (You) open the door.
    You help me.
    Yes, I will(help you).
    (You) pick up your toys.
    (You) please help me.
    The IMPERATIVE is often used by persons in authority when speaking to subordinates, e.g. a parent to a child.
    Using MODALS:
    To show respect and politeness, most people use modal expressions when making requests.
    For example:
    Will you...?
    Would you...?
    Would you please...?
    Could you (please)...?
    Could you possibly...?
    Would you kindly...?
    Would you mind...?
    Would you be so kind as to...?
    Will you open the door for me?
    Would you open the door for me?
    Would you please open the door for me?
    Could you (please) open the door?
    Could you possibly open the door?
    Would you kindly open the door?
    Would you mind opening the door?
    Would you be so kind as to open the door?

    Common Problems With MODALS:
    1. Using "to" unnecessarily -
    Incorrect
    They going to meet us at the theatre.
    He should to eat his dinner.
    I had better to go now.
    You must not to use that pencil.
    Correct
    They are going to meet us at the theatre.
    He should eat his dinner.
    I had better go now.
    You must not use that pencil.
    2.Using anything other than the base form after a MODAL -
    John could heard the bell.
    Penny will going to the movie.
    John could hear the bell.
    Penny will go to the movie.
    3.Using 'Double' MODALS -
    You should ought to speak English.
    She might can help me.
    You ought to speak/should speak English.
    She might be able to help me.
    4.Omitting "be" in certain MODAL expressions -
    They going to meet us at the theatre.
    Jack supposed to take his medicine.
    They are going to meet us at the theatre.
    Jack is supposed to take his medicine.
    5.Using the wrong word order in questions -
    How I can help you?
    Where I should go for the meeting?
    How can I help you?
    Where should I go for the meeting?



    http://www.scglanguagetutorials.com/modals---001.php

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