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Chủ đề: 100. Reported speech (1)

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  1. #1
    Dạn dày sương gió xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu's Avatar
    Ngay tham gia
    Sep 2008
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    100. Reported speech (1)

    Bài 100. CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT (REPORTED SPEECH) (1)


    1. Khi chúng ta tường thuật một việc gì mà người nào đó đã nói, chúng ta thường thay đổi thì của động từ như sau:

    ACTUAL WORDS
    (NHỮNG LỜI NÓI TRỰC TIỀP)
    REPORTED SPEECH
    (CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT)
    Present Simple:
    “I live in a small house,” he said.
    —► Past Simple
    He said he lived in a small house.
    Present Continuous:
    “I'm leaving home on Monday,” I said.
    —► Past Continuous:
    I said that I was leaving home on Monday.
    Past Simple:
    Present Perfect:
    “I learnt a lot,” he said
    “Mr. John has left home,” she said
    —► Past Perfect:

    He said he had learnt a lot.
    She said that Mr. John had left home.
    Will:
    “I’ll come with you,” she said.
    —► would
    She said she would come with me.
    am/is/are going to:
    “We're going to pick you up,” I said.
    —► was/were going to:
    I said that we were going to be pick her up.
    Can:
    “I can't find my luggage,” he said.
    —► could:
    He said he couldn't find his luggage.




    2. Lưu ý là không cần sử dụng “that” trong câu tường thuật:

    She said (that) she knew the correct answer.


    3. So sánh “say” và “tell” trong những câu:


    She said (that) she lived in a small house.

    She told me (that) she lived in a small house.

    * Chúng ta dùng “say something”. Chúng ta không dùng “say someone something”.

    She said she was going to late.

    (không dùng: She said me she was ... )

    I said that I disagreed with him.

    (không dùng: I said him that I...)

    * Chúng ta dùng “tell someone something”. Chúng ta không dùng “tell something”.

    He told me he was tired.
    (không dùng: He told he was tired.)

    He told me that he would pick me up immediately.
    (không dùng: He told that he would pick me up immediately.)

    She told Frank she was going to meet a friend.
    (không dùng: She told that she was going to meet a friend
    .)
    Lần sửa cuối bởi xathutreonhanhdudu, ngày 11-05-2012 lúc 03:08 PM.

  2. #2
    Dạn dày sương gió xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu's Avatar
    Ngay tham gia
    Sep 2008
    Bài viết
    691
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    Re: Conditionals and reported speech

    BÀI TẬP:


    A. Đọc đoạn hội thoại sau rồi tường thuật lại những gì Mike và Fred đã nói.

    Fred: How long have you been in Italy?

    Mike: Three weeks.


    Fred: Are you enjoying your stay?

    Mike: Yes, I'm enjoying it a lot.


    Fred: Have you been here before?


    Mike: Yes. I've been to Italy many times.


    Fred: What are you doing here?


    Mike: I'm on holiday.


    Fred: Are you staying in a hotel?


    Mike: No, I'm staying with some close friends.


    Fred: Where do they live?


    Mike: They have a flat in the city centre.


    Fred: How long are you staying?


    Mike: I'm leaving in May.


    Fred: Can you speak Italian very well?


    Mike: No, I can't. I'm going to have some lessons.

    Fred: I'll teach you.


    ► Mike said (that) he had been in Italy for three weeks.

    1. Mike said _________________his stay a lot.

    2. Mike said __________________to Italy many times.

    3. Mike said___________________ on holiday.

    4. He said _____________________ with some friends.

    5. He said _____________________ a flat in the city centre.

    6. He said ____________________ in May.

    7. He said ____________________Italian very well.

    8. He said ____________________some lessons.

    9. Fred said ____________________Mike.


    B. Hãy hoàn thành những câu sau với “said” hoặc “told”.

    She said she wasn't feeling very well.
    1. Jack………… me that he would buy vegetables.
    2. They…………. that the train was going to be late.
    3. She………… him that she was very angry with him.
    4. She………… him that she couldn't help him.
    5. Who………… you that I was leaving? It's not true!
    6. They……… us that they were leaving in the morning.
    7. He ………… that he didn't know what was wrong with the car.
    8. She ………. she had two sisters.
    9. She………… me that Terry worked for a law firm.
    10. He………….. me that he was a doctor, but he……… Alice that he was a dentist.




    Lần sửa cuối bởi xathutreonhanhdudu, ngày 11-05-2012 lúc 03:08 PM.

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