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Chủ đề: 102. Reported questions

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  1. #1
    Dạn dày sương gió xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu's Avatar
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    102. Reported questions

    Bài 102. CÂU HỎI TƯỜNG THUẬT (REPORTED QUESTIONS)


    1.Câu hỏi “Có/không” có dạng động từ “be” (chẳng hạn như “is”, “are”) hoặc trợ động từ (chẳng hạn như “can”, “do”, “have”) đi trước chủ từ:

    Are you English?”

    Can they swim?”

    Chúng ta tường thuật lại những câu hỏi này với “ask if/whether”:

    She asked if I was English.

    She asked if they could swim.


    hoặc

    She asked whether I was English.

    She asked whether they could swim.


    Lưu ý là trong một câu hỏi tường thuật chúng ta đặt “be” hoặc trợ động từ trước chủ từ.

    (không dùng: She asked was I English.)


    2. Nhiều câu hỏi bắt đầu bằng từ nghi vấn (Who, What, Where...):

    Where does Alice live?”

    Why has Janis gone?”


    Chúng ta tường thuật những câu hỏi này với “ask”:

    They asked where Alice lived.

    She asked why Janis had gone.


    3. Chúng ta cũng có thể dùng “ask someone something”:

    The boss asked me if I could use computer.

    They asked him where Sheila lived.


    4. Lưu ý là khi chúng ta tường thuật lại câu mà ai đó đã hỏi, chúng ta thường thay đổi thì của động từ:

    “Can Jerry swim?”

    He asked if Jerry could swim.

    Những thay đổi về thì thường gặp nhất là:

    * Present —► Past:
    am/is —► was; are —► were
    is living —► was living; live —► lived

    * Present Perfect —► Past Perfect:
    has gone —► had gone

    * Past Simple —► Past Perfect:
    arrived —► had arrived

    * Modals:
    will —► would; can —► could

    Chúng ta thường cũng thay đổi những từ khác, ví dụ như:

    “Have you read, Michael?

    She asked Michael if he had read.


    5. Chúng ta có thể dùng “wanted to know” và “wondered” thay vì “asked”:

    She wanted to know if I was English.

    (hoặc: She wanted to know whether I was English.)

    She wondered why Janis had gone

  2. #2
    Dạn dày sương gió xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu's Avatar
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    Re: Conditionals and reported speech

    BÀI TẬP:


    A. Hãy chuyển mỗi câu sau sang dạng câu tường thuật hoặc câu hỏi trực tiếp bằng cách điền vào khoảng trống. Kết thúc mỗi câu với dấu chấm (.) hoặc dấu chấm hỏi (?).

    ► (Did they go?) She asked if they had gone.

    ► (I asked him where he studied.) Where do you study?

    1. (Do you speak Italian?) They asked me _______I spoke Italian____

    2. (I wanted to know why he had taken my laptop.) ______ did you take my laptop___

    3. (How many people came to the cocktail party?) I asked ______ people had come to the cocktail party_____

    4. (Does Alice work on Sundays?) I asked ______Alice worked on Sundays____

    5. (Can we meet tomorrow night?) I asked ______ we could meet tomorrow night_____

    6. (I asked what he had done.) _______ has he done_____

    7. (Was Terry born in 1989 or 1990?) I asked them ______ Terry was born_____

    8. (Why has Janis gone home?) I asked ________ Janis had gone home______

    9. (Where do you go for your holidays?) I wanted to know_______ they went for their holidays______

    10. (Is Carol coming to the conference, Jennifer?) I asked Jennifer ________ Carol was coming to the conference______


    B. Sử dụng những từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ) để viết câu hỏi, rồi hoàn thành
    câu hỏi tường thuật.

    ► (Where/have/Mike/go/?) Question: Where has Mike gone?
    Reported question: I asked where Mike had gone.

    1. (Do/Jack/often/play/basketball/?) Question: ___________________
    Reported question: I wondered if____________________

    2. (What/have/the children/drink/?) Question: _____________________
    Reported question: She wanted to know_____________________

    3. (Where/be/Maria/going/?) Question:_________________________
    Reported question: I asked ________________________

    4. (When/be/the next train/?) Question:_____________________
    Reported question: We wanted to know_____________________

    5. (Have/Janis/watch/this program/?) Question: ______________
    Reported question: Tommy asked__________________________


    C. Jim Brown đã cướp ngân hàng. Cảnh sát tin rằng Steven Green đồng loã cùng ông ta. Cảnh sát hỏi cung Steven Green như sau:

    How long have you been out of prison?

    1. Have you worked since then?

    2. Does your wife give you money?

    3. Who else gives you money?

    4. Do you know Jim Brown?

    5. How long have you known Jim?

    6. Have you seen Jim recently?



    Sau đó, vị cảnh sát kể lại cuộc phỏng vấn trên. Hoàn thành những gì ông ta đã hỏi cung, sử dụng câu hỏi trong hộp.

    ► I asked him how long he had been out of prison, and he replied that he had left prison ten months ago.

    1. Then I asked him ____________. He told me that he hadn't found a job.

    2. I asked him _____________ and he said she did give him some money, but not very much.

    3. Then I asked him ______________. He replied that nobody else did.

    4. I asked him _______________ and he said that he and Jim were friends.

    5. So I asked him _____________and he said that he had known him for two years.

    6. Then I asked him _____________ and he said that he couldn't remember.
    Lần sửa cuối bởi xathutreonhanhdudu, ngày 16-03-2012 lúc 01:29 PM.

  3. #3
    Xoải cánh nguoihanam will become famous soon enough nguoihanam will become famous soon enough nguoihanam's Avatar
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    Re: 102. Reported questions

    Reported Questions

    1. The introductory sentence in Reported Questions
    1.1. The introductory sentence is in the Simple Present

    If the introductory sentence is in the Simple Present, there is no backshift of tenses.
    • Direct Speech → Susan: “Does Mary work in an office?”
    • Reported Speech → Susan asks if/whether Mary works in an office.
    The introductory sentence: Susan asks ... → is in the Simple Present. There is no backshift of tenses. The auxiliary do is dropped in the Reported command.
    1.2. The introductory sentence in the Simple Past

    If the introductory sentence is in the Simple Past, there is mostly backshift of tenses.
    • Direct Speech → Susan: “Does Mary work in an office?”
    • Reported Speech → Susan asked if/whether Mary worked in an office.
    The introductory sentence: Susan asked... → is in the Simple Past. There is backshift of tenses.
    1.3. Types of introductory sentences

    The word ask in introductory sentences in Reported Questions can be substituted with other words, e.g.
    • want to know
    • wonder
    2. Questions with and without question words

    Questions can be formed with or without question words.
    If there is a question without a question word in Direct Speech, use whether or if in Reported Speech.
    • Peter: “Do you play football?” → Peter asked me whether (if) I played football.
    If there is a question with a question word in Direct Speech, use this question word in Reported Speech.
    • Peter: “When do you play football?” → Peter asked me when I played football.

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