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Chủ đề: 109. Relative clause (3)

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  1. #1
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    109. Relative clause (3)

    Bài 109. MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ (RELATIVE CLAUSES) (3)


    1. Hãy xem hai câu sau:

    Hanoi has over 6.5 million inhabitants.

    Hanoi, which is the capital of Vietnam, has over 6.5 million inhabitants.

    Mệnh đề “which is the capital of Vietnam” cung cấp cho chúng ta thông tin chi tiết hơn về Hà Nội, nhưng chúng ta không cần thông tin này để xác định Hà Nội. Chúng ta có thể hiểu ngay câu đầu tiên mà không cần thông tin thêm này. Which is the capital of Vietnam là mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định. Mệnh đề này có dấu phẩy (,) nhằm tách nó ra khỏi phần còn lại của câu.


    2. Đối với những đồ vật hoặc động vật, chúng ta sử dụng which (nhưng không phải là “that”) trong mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định:

    Frank sold his car, which he no longer needed, to his friend. (không dùng: ... that he no longer needed...)

    In the autumn, we stay in my uncle's house, which is near the mountain.


    3. Đối với người, chúng ta sử dụng “who” (nhưng không phải là “that”) trong mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định. Chúng ta sử dụng “who” khi nó làm chủ từ của mệnh đề quan hệ:

    Michael Jackson, who died in 2009, earned millions of dollars.

    (Michael Jackson died in 2009.)

    Chúng ta sử dụng “who” (hoặc đôi khi “whom”) khi nó là túc từ của mệnh đề quan hệ:

    My girlfriend, who (or whom) I last saw before Christmas, is very ill.


    (I last saw my girlfriend before Christmas.)


    4. Chúng ta sử dụng “whose” với nghĩa là “his”, “her”, hoặc “their”:

    Elizabeth Taylor, whose real name was Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, was born in London.

    (Her real name was Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor.)


    5. Chúng ta cũng có thể sử dụng “which” (nhưng không phải là “that”) để nói về toàn bộ sự việc:

    Alice did not want to marry Tommy, which surprised everybody.

    Ở đây, “which” nói về sự việc “Alice did not want to marry Tommy”.
    Lần sửa cuối bởi ngongvang, ngày 11-07-2012 lúc 11:07 AM.

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    Re: Building sentences

    BÀI TẬP:


    A. Hãy kết hợp hai câu đã cho sẵn thành một câu, sử dụng “who” hoặc “which”.

    James Cook was born in England. He worked for many years in Madrid.
    James Cook, who was born in England, worked for many years in Madrid.

    Mont Blanc is between France and Italy. It is the highest mountain in the Alps.
    Mont Blanc, which is between France and Italy, is the highest mountain in the Alps.

    1. Saigon is really an exciting city. It is 1730 kilometers from Hanoi.
    __________________________________________________________.

    2. John F. Kennedy died in 1963. He was a very famous American President.
    __________________________________________________________.

    3. Alice was from this poor family. She became a very rich woman.
    ___________________________________________________________.

    4. The 1992 Olympics were held in Barcelona. It is in the north-east of Spain.
    ___________________________________________________________.

    5. We went to see the Crown Jewels. They are kept in the Tower of London.
    ___________________________________________________________.


    B. Từ những ghi chú sau, hãy viết thành một câu. Sử dụng “who”, “whose” hoặc “which” với những từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ).

    Betty White. (She was born in England.) She moved to America in 1976.
    Betty White, who was born in England, moved to America in 1976.

    Darwin. (His ideas changed our view of the world.) He traveled a lot when he was
    young.
    Darwin, whose ideas changed our view of the world, traveled a lot when he was young.

    1. Football. (It first started in Britain.) It is now popular in many countries.
    Football, _______________________________________________.
    2. Alisa. (She was the principal of this school for 11 years.) She studied
    science at university
    ________________________________________________.

    3. Michelangelo. (He lived until he was 90.) He was one of Italy's greatest artists.
    ________________________________________________.

    4. Bill Clinton. (His wife is a brilliant lawyer.) He became President of the USA in 1993.
    ________________________________________________.

    5. The Nile. (It runs through several countries.) It is the longest river in Africa.
    ________________________________________________.

    6. Madonna. (Her parents were born in Italy.) She is a famous American singer.
    ________________________________________________.

    7. Gandhi. (He was born in 1869). He was assassinated in 1948.
    ________________________________________________.

    8. Elephants. (They are found in Africa and India). They are hunted for their ivory.
    ________________________________________________.

    9. Michael Learns To Rock. (Their music is still popular.) They were probably the most famous slow-rock group in the world.
    ________________________________________________.

    10. Brands Hatch. (It is not far from London.) It is famous for its motor races.
    _______________________________________________.
    Lần sửa cuối bởi ngongvang, ngày 05-07-2012 lúc 12:17 PM.

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