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Chủ đề: Lỗi dùng giới từ thường gặp

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    Nov 2008
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    Lỗi dùng giới từ thường gặp

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    1) arrive at or arrive in

    *When we arrived to Claudio’s house…
    You always arrive at a specific place: school, a restaurant, the airport, your aunt’s house. (You arrive in a city or a country.)
    ✓ When we arrived at Claudio’s house…
    ✓ The train arrived at Shibuya station thirty seconds late.

    ✓ On Friday, the president arrived in Poland.
    ✓ The K-pop band arrived in Phnom Penh last week.

    2) at night

    *We often go out in the night.
    You can work hard in the morning, relax in the afternoon, eat dinner in the evening, but you go out at night.
    ✓ We often go out at night.
    ✓ Krakow is beautiful at night.

    3) look for or wait for

    *I was looking my glasses.
    *Giulia was waiting me at the bus stop.

    If you want to find something or someone, you look for (or search for) them.
    If you stay in one place until something or someone is ready, you wait for them.
    ✓ I was looking for my glasses.
    ✓ Łukasz is looking for a new job.
    ✓ Giulia was waiting for me at the bus stop.
    ✓ Tevy is waiting for her sister to finish class.

    4) for [period of time]

    *I’ve been working here since five years
    You use for with periods of time, such as:

    a few minutes

    t h r e e m o n t h s

    t w e n t y y e a r s

    You use since with specific points in time, such as:
    • this morning
    • September
    • the day we met

    ✓ I’ve been working here for five years.
    ✓ She hasn’t drunk coffee for years.
    ✓ Makikos’s been living in Yokohama since February.
    ✓ I haven’t seen her since yesterday morning.

    5) in [months and years]

    *It’s my birthday on July!
    You always use in for months and years.

    ✓ It’s my birthday in July!
    ✓ Ola was born in 2004.

    6) live/work/study in [cities and countries]

    *I live at Tokyo.
    You live, work, or study in a city or a country. (You live at a specific address, work at or for a specific organization, or study at a specific university.)
    ✓ I live in Tokyo.
    ✓ Roberta works in Sassari.
    ✓ Hector studies in Canada.
    ✓ Ania lives at 34 ul. Karmelicka.
    ✓ Ryosuke works for Toyota.
    ✓ Dara studies at Phnom Penh International University.

    7) on [days and dates]

    *It’s my birthday in Saturday!
    You always use on for days and dates:

    ✓ It’s my birthday on Saturday!
    ✓ It’s my birthday on May 1st. (But remember: ü It’s my birthday in May.)

    8) it depends on

    *It depends of what you want: Italian food or Chinese food.
    Remember, you always say it depends on or depending on something or someone – or you can just say it depends.

    ✓ It depends on what you want: Italian food or Chinese food.
    ✓ We’ll go to either Disney World or the beach, depending on the weather.
    ✓ What do you usually have for breakfast – tea or coffee? – It depends!

    9) welcome to

    *Welcome in Peru!
    You always say welcome to any place: a house, school, organization, city, or country.

    ✓ Welcome to Peru!
    ✓ Welcome to Cagliari.
    ✓ Welcome to Meiji University.
    ✓ Welcome to the Plaza Hotel. We hope you enjoy your stay.

    10) married to

    *He’s married with Kim.
    You are always married to – or you get married to – someone. (However, you just marry someone.)

    ✓ He’s married to Kim.
    ✓ Alessandro’s getting married to Sara next summer.
    ✓ Haruka is marrying my old school friend.


    At” tells where an object or subject is while “to” refers to another location. For example:
    We arrived at the station.
    Mary returned to the store.
    For” measures time while “since” refers to a specific period. For example,
    He has been traveling for five years.
    He’s been with the company since it was established.
    Dates and Times
    Use “in” or “for” with general measurements and “on” or “at” for specific dates. For example:
    Muriel has a meeting in the morning.
    The term paper is due at 8:00 AM on the 5th.
    Seasons, Months and Holidays
    Specific days require the preposition “on” or “for” while general measurements call for the proposition “in“. For example:
    The whole family loves to go sailing in the springtime.
    Are you going to the barbecue on the 4th of July?
    About“, “around” and “up to” are used to create approximate quantifications.
    In” refers to geographic regions, continents, counties and towns.
    Roads and Streets
    When referring to a street or road, “on” is the word of choice. For example:
    There’s a bank on Birch Street.
    Specific Places
    At” refers to specific places and addresses. For example:
    The Andersons live at 144 Byrd Lane.
    Phrases that require a preposition, include:
    Afraid of
    Love of
    Concern for
    Study for
    Worry about, etc.
    Missing Prepositions
    Whenever an infinitive is used, a helping verb is required. For example:
    INCORRECT: I would like visit Washington D.C.
    CORRECT: I would like to visit Washington D.C
    Unnecessary Additions
    Some constructions don’t need additional prepositions. For example:
    Off of/off
    Meet up with/meet
    Where are they at?/Where are they?
    In some cases, a preposition is unnecessary. For example:
    Go home
    Complex Constructions
    When making comparisons, the second preposition can be omitted if it’s the same as the first. However, it must be included if the second phrase requires a different preposition. For example:
    The climate in the United States is much different than Norway.
    We drove to the beach and swam in the ocean.
    Ending with a Preposition
    Although ending a sentence with a preposition is considered incorrect, these constructions are used everyday. As Winston Churchill said, “This is the kind of thing up with which I will not put!”
    Roughly half of all preposition-related mistakes are caused by confusion between word usages. After reviewing the rules, comparing the sound and meaning of possible choices are the best methods to determine the right preposition for the job. Have any comments? You’re welcome to share them here.

    Lần sửa cuối bởi mtd-group, ngày 12-05-2017 lúc 09:42 AM.

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